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We went to the city plantation garden last Saturday to finish our plant artificial vegetative reproduction. It just took one and a half hour with some great experience they have. There was an instructor that show kids how to do the artificial vegetative reproduction process. The instructor said that we can use some methods of artificial vegetative reproduction. At home we learnt about 4 kinds of artificial vegetative reproduction:
- Grafting (menempel – okulasi in Indonesian)
- Stem cutting (menyetek in Indonesian)
- Ground layering (merunduk in Indonesian)
- Air Layering (mencangkok in Indonesia)
The instructor taught the kids how to do air layering (Indonesian will name it grafting, which have different understanding with English) and stem cutting before kids can try doing it by themselves. He promised to teach them the other when we return there by appointment.
Air layering is more complicated than the stem cutting. Here are the steps:
- We choose a straight branch of a tree. There are some criteria about which plant to choose, but I don't remember.
- We have around 3cm wound around the branch cambium. We peel the branch until it is clean. The more liquid the plant has, the more successful probability it has also.
- We cover the branch slightly above the wound with some soil.
- Wrap the soil with plastic and tie the upper part loosely and the lower part tightly.
- When roots grow in the wrapped branch, then it means that we are ready to separate the new plant from the parent.
Stem cutting is much easier to do. We just need to cut a stem from parent plant slightly beneath the node and put it in the ground. All leaves need New roots will grow soon and ready to put in an individual plastic back.
We returned home bringing some stem cut plants in polly bags. Tom's plant has ground 3 leaves so far.
After 3 days from the plantation, kids still could recall the steps of air layering and stem cutting using Bahasa Indonesia very well. We will return there for further artificial vegetative plant reproduction. Tom asked me an interesting question:
What would I get by having artificial vegetative plant reproduction methods and skills?